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Blood Safety

Human blood is an essential element of human life and there are no substitutes. Blood transfusion services occupy a vital space in any National Health Service delivery system. The availability of safe and adequate blood saves lives. If not properly screened, however, blood becomes a conduit for transmitting viral, bacterial and protozoan in sections e.g. hepatitis B, hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS, Syphilis & Malaria.

Characteristically, two categories of persons need blood transfusion : these with emergent requirements e.g. victims of road accident, civilian and military debacle and those with repeated, frequent and regular requirement e.g. patients with thalassemia, hemophilia, renal dialysis, sever anemic and cancer patients who must undergo repeated transfusions are at great risk of acquiring transfusion transmitted infections. The only way to protect recipients of blood is to put in place structures, processes and procedures that will ensure access to safe and sufficient blood supply.

The overall HIV sero-positivity in the state in 2007 in ANC cases has been 0.25%. While analyzing the route of transmission among AIDS cases the prevalence rate is 0.2% by blood & blood products. During NACP-III state aims to reduce transmission of HIV infection therefore blood and blood products by reducing the sero-reactivity rates among blood donors to less than 0.1% from 0.5%.
 
Blood Doner Criteria
Age - between 18 to 60 years
Body wt. - 45 kg & above
Pulse rate - 60 to 100 per minute
BP - Systolic 100 to 180mm of Hg
    Diastolic 50 to 100mm of Hg
Hb - Minimum 12.5 Grm per 100 ml of blood
Oral Temp - Not exceeding 37.50C
 
Zone Wise Blood Bank List
Blood Component Sepration Units.
Blood storage center list
 
 
 
 
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